By Nicola Wright
Whether you’re moving to the cloud from a traditional on-premise system, or you’re thinking about migrating from your current cloud service provider to AWS, cloud migration tools can be a massive help.
Cloud is the new normal, and taking your operations online is the way to go if you want your business to be scalable, streamlined, and cost-effective.
Shifting your data, your processes, and your existing software onto a cloud platform, however, isn’t as easy as dragging and dropping it from one place to another. But help is at hand.
With the right migration tools at your disposal, your switch to the cloud will go a lot smoother. Here are just a few of the tools and services that AWS offers to help you get started on their platform fast.
The first step in migrating your business workloads to the cloud is to take a good look at what you already have.
Migrating to the cloud is a lot like moving house; you don’t want to spend time and money shifting things you don’t want or need to a new place. So, before you pack up and go, you go through your house room by room, assessing the contents’ usefulness, its value, and whether you’ll actually need it in your new pad.
By the same token, migrating to the cloud is a great opportunity to take stock of your processes and your tech stack. AWS Application Discovery Service helps you “Marie Kondo” your on-premise resources, to ensure you’re only migrating the stuff you really use.
With AWS Application Discovery Service, enterprise users can better plan their migration project by getting a full picture of their on-premises data centers before the wheels start turning.
The service gathers and collates data about your on-premise servers—including configurations, usage, and performance—to give users a thorough, accurate overview of their present set up.
This data can then be fed into AWS Migration Hub, or used to calculate Total Cost of Ownership of migrating to and running these servers on AWS.
The AWS Application Discovery Service is free to use, with 1000 applications per year offered through the ASW Free Tier. You only pay for the AWS resources—like Amazon S3, Amazon Athena, or Kinesis Data Firehouse—used to store or manage your data.
More a strategy than a tool, the AWS Migration Acceleration Program is a methodology devised by AWS to help customers successfully execute their migration with maximum effectiveness and minimum hassle.
The program is geared toward big businesses with large-scale migration ambitions, and aims to help organizations reach cloud utopia faster by providing resources including a comprehensive, proven migration technique. Participants are then partnered with pre-approved migration partners to help effect that methodology.
The MAP practice is split into three phases: an evaluation of processes to work out an organization’s baseline capabilities; a systematized readiness and preparation effort to create a plan that will build on these capabilities; and support to effectively perform the migration.
Stage one, known as the Migration Readiness Assessment phase, uses the AWS Cloud Adoption Framework to measure up an organization’s current ability to migrate across key areas:
This evaluation helps organizations spot any gaps in their migration plan and highlights priorities that will inform the overall strategy put together in the next phase. This assessment usually happens during a full-day workshop, where the organization’s stakeholders sit down with representatives from AWS and a certified MAP Partner.
Next, the organization and their migration partner will develop a robust migration plan to allow the business to migrate their workloads at scale.
At this stage, the migration partner will also help stakeholders calculate total cost of ownership, and the potential ROI to be generated from the cloud migration.
This Migration Readiness and Planning Phase usually takes between two and four months to complete.
Lastly, there’s the actual Migration Phase, that involves executing the plan so carefully constructed earlier in the program. With help from the migration partner, organizations will create a “migration factory”; pulling together the teams, tools, and processes it needs to migrate workloads to AWS like a well-oiled machine. This final, most labor-intensive stage of the process typically takes place over 12 – 24 months.
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AWS recommend Application Migration Service (MGN) as the primary service for lift-and-shift migrations Those who may previously have used using Server Migration Service (SMS) are being encouraged to make the shift to MGN to minimize time-intensive, error-prone manual processes.
AWS MGN simplifies the migration process through automation, enabling you to use the same process for a number of applications.
With Application Migration Service, you can accelerate and automation migration and modernization, and thanks to the service’s non-disruptive, pre-migration testing, you can be confident critical applications will work on AWS without a hitch.
Struggling to build a business case for your AWS migration? AWS Migration Evaluator is the tool for you.
Formerly TSCO Logic, AWS Migration Evaluator provides predictive analytics to inform right-size and right-cost compute, ensuring each application is always running at the highest performance and lowest cost. With AWS Migration Evaluator makes it easier than ever to make a business case for cloud migration.
Migration Evaluator gives you access to invaluable insights into your cloud migration to accelerate better-informed decision making, including an assessment of saving potential. The service analyzes all of your organization’s compute footprint, from server configuration to utilization, and hundreds of other parameters. By modeling compute patterns for all instances, Migration Evaluator can then project the costs of migration, broken down by infrastructure and software licenses.
With the help of Migration Evaluator team, you can identify the best migration patterns to achieve your business objective, and establish a business case using market-leading recommendations and expertise.
A company’s data is their lifeblood; the migration of any database to the cloud must be handled with enormous care and consideration, lest any of that precious data be lost or corrupted in the process.
“For many organizations contemplating a move to the cloud, it won’t be their first data warehousing effort,” explains Rob Mellor, VP and GM EMEA at WhereScape. “It is likely they have existing data and data infrastructure to consider, and moving it to a new data platform can be a complex, time-consuming and expensive process.
“Traditionally, migrating existing data warehouses to new environments has taken months, with a team of developers needed to discover and understand the existing data infrastructure, map it to the new data structure, write and test scripts, recreate metadata, and finally transfer and validate the data.”
“The mental pain barrier of moving to a new platform has prevented organizations from considering the benefits of doing so, but automation is changing this and bringing increased value to boot.”
That’s where tools like AWS Database Migration Service come in. The AWS DMS was developed to help organizations migrate their databases to AWS quickly, securely, and—crucially—without disruption.
The service, which has shifted more than 160,000 databases to date, allows the source database to remain operational throughout the migration, meaning no downtime for apps that need to access those records to operate.
The AWS DMS can migrate data to and from many of the most popular commercial and open-source databases in use today, and supports both homogenous migrations and the shifting of data between different platforms.
The service is agentless, meaning there are no additional drivers or apps to install, and once migration is underway, the AWS DMS automatically replicates any changes made to the source database, so downtime is virtually non-existent.
Using the AWS DMS, migrating databases is pretty much a “set it and forget it” task; the tool is self-monitoring and self-healing, so if network connectivity is interrupted, migration will automatically restart and continue once it’s back online.
There is a cost to utilize the AWS Database Migration Service, but like many cloud tools, customers only pay for the resource they use. Pricing isn’t sky high either; shifting a terabyte-sized database costs around $3.
Like many organizations using a hybrid model, it was a major service outage that spurred digital sports agency Sotic to make the final leap and go full-cloud. With crucial data to shift, AWS Database Migration Service was central to their eventual successful migration.
“In early 2018, we were running on a hybrid infrastructure and still about a year out from migrating fully to the cloud,” explains Platform Lead Ed Martin. “But an outage during a period of scheduled maintenance meant we were unable to bring our on-prem systems back to full service.
“At that point, the team embraced the challenge and made a full transition to the cloud. The cloud gave us the best outcome, and we also made some use of the AWS Database Migration Service.
“In addition, the creation of a fast, secure VPN link between our old datacenter and AWS allowed us to transfer files quickly and easily, and where necessary, keep them synchronized between locations during the migration.”
AWS Prescriptive Guidance acts as your knowledge bank for AWS cloud migration. The selection of strategies, guides, and patterns is intended to inform the modernization or optimization of your migration strategy.
Here’s what to expect from these invaluable resources:
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AWS purchased CloudEndure—a startup specializing in disaster recovery—aiming to fortify its offering for enterprise customers, meaning the software now seamlessly merges with AWS Application Migration Service.
With its ability to streamline, accelerate, and automate migrations from physical, virtual, and cloud-based infrastructure alike to AWS, the tool has proved another big favorite for LaCour and his team at Mission.
CloudEndure enables enterprise-level organizations to rehost large numbers of machines to AWS without having to deal with issues like compatibility, disruption, or lengthy cutovers.
The tool continuously reproduces source machines into an AWS-hosted staging area, and when the time comes to launch the production machines, CloudEndure automatically converts the source infrastructure into AWS infrastructure.
This means they can be booted and run natively on AWS without causing performance interruptions during migration.
AWS Migration Hub is the ultimate dashboard for tracking the progress of your migration to the cloud. Through this single interface, users can audit their existing servers, plan out their project, and follow the status of each migration.
The service helps budding AWS customers collect and process data based on their on-premise resources, so they can get a clear view of their current processes and create an informed migration strategy, dictating what needs to be moved to the cloud.
Then, Migration Hub lets users arrange these existing resources into groups to make following their migration to AWS easier.
No matter what AWS migration tools a business is using to undertake the actual migration of apps and data, users can oversee the progress of any and all of these tools all in one place through Migration Hub.
AWS Server Migration Service, AWS Database Migration Service, CloudEndure Migration, ATADATA ATAmotion, and RiverMeadow Server Migration SaaS are all natively integrated with AWS Migration Hub, and feed status updates to Migration Hub automatically.
AWS partner and some third-party tools can also be tracked in the same interface if manually authorized to send data to Migration Hub.
Though the migration tools themselves are priced by usage, there’s no additional charge to use Migration Hub.
However you decide to shift your workloads to AWS, you have plenty of options at your fingertips—and untold potential ahead of you.
“We’ve used a variety of migration tools,” says James Leavers, Chief Technology Officer at cloud service provider Cloudhelix, “from the simple use of the AWS EC2 import-image CLI command, to the AWS Management Portal for vCenter and Zerto Virtual Replication to replicate between different hypervisors and cloud providers.
“However, to my mind, a simple lift-and-shift of an existing set of VMs is only the start of the cloud journey. The exciting part is rearchitecting and automating applications to make better use of the fully-managed native services available on AWS, in areas such as data warehousing, machine learning, and analytics.”
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